Over the years, technology has triumphed over the potential of the internet and personal computers. The world has perceived modernization within the workplace, leading to a wider scale of work from home. This has resulted in a reduction in office space, as well as the need for office workers to come into the office. Reading through the information and observing an expanding body of research explores the benefits of working from remote locations for both the employers and employees.
Many situations arising within the remote working area have revealed improvements in employee productivity. Certain Chinese Travel websites have been experimenting through a call center application where they had volunteers working from home. They had randomly selected the volunteers who were permitted to work from home, while the rest served at the control center within the office premises.
During the experiment, the workers were allowed to work from home, given a specific target and it has been assured that they are more productive. They are also highly satisfied with the way they have been able to not only provide for themselves but enhance the work that is being performed within the organization.
Remote working has made the work more creative. This is particularly evident in the case of women who have young children, pets, or elders to care for. They maintain greater flexibility when working remotely. Hence, there has been a greater demand to work remotely and this has provided greater flexibility. It challenges a broader adaptation to the range of work. The norms and stigma vary according to each individual. It is also manageable because they set themselves a goal in addition to their allocated work goals. They also work as teams through WhatsApp and other communication channels. They are able to interact with each other, but these do not face to face conferences, so the time spent commuting to the office is eliminated.
This general productivity has benefited employees vastly. It is difficult to replicate remotely, physical workplace interaction. This is because of the logistical constraints that are involved. In some of the jobs that have been undertaken, it is not possible nor feasible to work remotely. Hence the critical ingredient is the construction of occupational level classification of the feasibility of performing different jobs from home. The potential of this job consists of variety and exists across diverse occupations. In order to keep employees on track, most of the companies have implemented remote working policies.
COVID 19 has led to a renewed interest in remote working. Businesses face bleak setups which have been risky to most of the companies. There are companies that have shut down or have transitioned from working from the office to working from home. To understand exactly how businesses have adjusted towards this crisis, surveys have been carried out among small establishments. There is a wide set of industries that have looked at re-organizing their structures so as to accommodate working from home and working from remote locations in order to reduce the costs of overheads. In other research articles, there have been decisions about working from home while trying to keep the network consistent within the organization. This is seen in countries like the United States of America.
The second sample of literature off the National Association of Business Economics has had discussions where governments have encouraged private companies to look into the option of making work available to their employees in a less restricted location. Creating a more comfortable work environment that is safer for them, especially if they have children, working remotely is the suggestion that has been circulated. This has seen a greater increase during the COVID 19 pandemic. The suggestion was that many businesses did, in fact, work remotely. There were considerable variations on how businesses were able to work, to access variations. Dingle & Neiman’s index of suitability for remote work is constructed using the attributes of occupation.
It is evident that feasibility is a real constraint for the business, and as more people demanded to go remote, there were ethical issues that had to be faced by the organization. It was not only a question about whether the company could transit to remote work, but also whether a business could survive within such an environment. There were many suggestions put forward on the method by which the organization could transit.
Business industries that were of higher income and had better-educated employees found it easier to transit, but for the workforce who were more into manual work, it was found to be more challenging. This was the reason many of them lost their jobs.
It was essential that the organization analyses the performance of the business, look at other reports, and discuss productivity and the changes that were required to work remotely. The results that were observed and documented suggested that productivity was uneven. Many Firms were becoming less productive, as a result of the evolution. There was a myriad of small businesses that could not predict the cost of transition and the suitability of such progression for the organization. It also resulted in a loss of productivity among the establishments that had a lower capacity to work remotely.
Remote work is becoming one of the most desirable benefits of an employee. It is freedom of work that an employee enjoys, and the flexible hours that would motivate an employee. There are many individuals who would not like to be confined to the corporate culture. To many, it might seem monotonous and stereotype. Many yearn to travel around, enjoying different involvements, yet they desire their pay rise, their vacations, medical and retirement plans. This is why 40% of people put through an interview feel that the greatest benefit of remote work is flexibility. 16% of companies exclusively hire remote workers.
Companies allow remote workers to have a 25% lower employee turnover. Several of these workers would be more willing to remain with their current employers. If they find that their work is flexible, people who are working remotely at least once a month are 24% more likely to be happier. They have been found to be more productive.
The number of employees who work from home has increased by 140% since 2005. 4.5 million workers just in the USA, are working from home. Taking the world statistics into consideration, there are about 45% of companies that permit remote work from home. This is despite the fact that an increasing number of people are enjoying the benefits of work flexibility. Many of the companies around the world still permit remote work as they benefit more from such an arrangement, both for the employee as well as for themselves. For them, it is more practical to adhere to such a work arrangement because they find it easier to control. They find it more productive, as well as more practical. 4.3 million of the workforce in the USA work from home at least half of the time.
According to the Telecommunication statistics in 2018, there were 4.3 million remote workers in the USA which makes up approximately 3.2 of the entire workforce in the USA. That same report states that 40% of the companies in the USA have offered remote work. This was on an optional basis. This took place 3 years ago and is a clear indicator that global trends are moving more towards such flexibility. There is an increase in the number of people who are working remotely because of the technology which has advanced in leaps and bounds.
Statistics of working from home reveal the way it has expanded over the last 10 years, that people are willing to work full time from home. It is not only a part-time requirement. It is apparent that there are actually people who work full time, and statistics reveal that some people working from home show that small institutions are more likely to opt for this technique. This is because remote workers cost less. Employers do not have to invest in office space, furniture or, utility bills like water and electricity. There is no necessity for serving the employees tea and coffee or providing them with drinking water or office equipment that would bring down their profits. This would reduce the Employees hire 66% of the remote workers’ overall average. It would also create large savings on office stationery for staff.
Most of the employees prefer to maintain a work-life balance, and that improves their way of life as well as the work that they perform. They get a chance to be free and away from the office, but yet are available to handle the office work in the event an emergency arises. There is a thread of benefits for remote workers and for the employees who are hired to carry out the work.
Typical full-time contractors and co-workers are in a place where they need to be confined within the office space, but for many others, it is possible to work from a coffee shop or enjoy the sunshine while working on a park bench. It allows them the opportunity of being a remote team or become nomads. This enables their working environment to be even their vacation spot, or in their homes or an ice cream parlor. This method yields working benefits not only for employees but for their employers as well, especially when it involves the company culture.
The employees would be saving on their travel expenses as well as time spent commuting to and from office. They would also be using their own resources such as electricity and wi-fi to carry out their work or in the case of some, their personal mobile phones, telephones, or computers, but they could be given an allowance for this. They would also be at the beck and call of their bosses at all times, irrespective of whether it is day or night.
There will be a definite change in the culture in comparison to the previous scenario when everyone had to come into the office to work. It benefits the remote worker as it offers flexibility. It is a critical area as most of them would try to balance life especially with encumbrances at home, and work and sometimes the concentration would be interrupted when they would have to give their children, pets, or elders attention or medication. When you are present in that location, the attention span that you are giving them and your work would be equally divided, making it possible for them to have their cake and eat it. This also allows the organization to draw from a huge pool of talent. They are able to assess the situation a little bit more and cut down on bottom lines where only the essentials would be required. Future work in the remote job is challenging, but the benefits outweigh the disadvantages.
When people are working from remote workplaces, it need not necessarily have to be in the same country. It could be from a global point of view. People are able to work on the same project in different global perspectives and accomplish it, so there is a greater pool of talent coming in to do one particular job and this is seen as a very productive method of managing the work. It is also appreciated by 80% of the employers. Looking at it from the employee’s outlook, there is an increasing number of employees who would prefer to have flexible working hours. There are new job applications that turn down any offer that does not include the option of the flexibility of work. There is a hierarchy like the Consultants, the VPS, and Executives of major companies who prefer to work remotely. When employees are happy the retention levels are high. The cost of hiring, selecting, and training is less as it is accomplished online. There is no presence required. There is also no training cost incurred as much as there would be with employees coming into the office and having to conduct a training session for them at a specific venue. There would although, be a work from home policy that needs to be adhered to. There is greater productivity even though these employees are working within these set policies.
Critically, for many companies, the office space, and real estate cost have been cut down and this could even be cascaded down onto the employees. This is a saving that many companies enjoy in the name of profitability.
It is obvious that remote work challenges are transforming the global workspace operation. It is a trend that is showing no signs of slowing down. Remote work is rapidly increasing globally. An increasing number of people are looking for work that has flexible schedules, from remote locations. They are either working full time or part-time as companies are now embracing and expanding with a greater desire to use flexible work options. This is seen in areas like digital marketing, development, sales, customer and technical support to copywriting, translations, and many more jobs. Remote work is expanding in many sectors for which locations of workers are not relevant, but their knowledge and experience plays a vital role.
Since of late, remote work has been undergoing vast changes, especially with the covid19. Interviewees have reported that in the case of remote work, they would appreciate it if at least once in their career they would be able to work off-site.
Freelancing too is on the increase. In the case of remote work, certain benefits like medical and transport allowances can be retracted, especially when you are working for an overseas company. It is evident that most people who work remotely prefer to work from home. Digital nomads have been flexible, whether they work from home or an outside location. For many remote workers, it is all about savings.
Remove workers declare that they save US$ 2,000 to 7,000 annually because they have reduced their cost of commuting as well as the time spent traveling to and from the office. There are certain instances when one must travel overseas, and this has now come to a halt due to COVID 19. Subsequently moving on, they have video conferencing, skype, emailing, and other forms of communications that they are able to utilize to get their work accomplished.
Another aspect they save on is clothing, and the daily use of cosmetics, lotions, and perfumes. They do not have to adhere to a dress code when working remotely. Being at home, one would not be spending much money on meals, as consuming home-prepared meals is much cheaper than having to go to a restaurant or having to purchase your meals from an outside location. The organization too would have some savings as it would not have to provide tea for its employees. In the case of the companies that provide meals as well, this would be an immense saving.
Another area that remote workers enjoy is childcare and the time that they get to spend with their children and their pets. This would reduce the cost of paying someone to look after their children, and the flexible hours will help them take care of their children’s studies as well. Flexibility for a parent is juggling two or three jobs and it is a different scenario altogether. They find themselves in a happier, less stressful situation, and are able to balance their work-life effectively. Working remotely is known to reduce stress, improve one’s health, and benefit their family life. Healthwise too, they are better off as they can find the time to exercise during the day.
For Professionals who are living in small towns or developing countries, these remote workers are granted the opportunity to develop their careers and become qualified during the process while they are working from home, as they are also able to balance their education as there are plenty of educational courses available through remote affiliations. This does not have limitations like spending time in a classroom, and many companies accept this kind of qualification which will add to career progression.
The flexible hours of work have a positive impact on employee satisfaction which is a contributory factor in employee retention. Companies find that employees are more loyal, and are likely to stay on at their jobs for a longer period of time.
Working from a remote location means that there is greater opportunity to tap into a pool of talent. The employees are no longer restricted to hiring local professionals but can even tap into talent overseas. There would be no necessity of hiring expatriates, looking after their accommodation, finding schools for their children, and providing vehicles for their use.
Working from a remote workplace also improves employee morale, leading to lower employee turnover. Employees are satisfied with their jobs and are willing to make a greater commitment toward the betterment of the organization.
The environment too benefits immensely as reports emerged globally of blue skies becoming visible for the first time in the lifetime of some people during covid19. Vehicular traffic which is one of the main sources of NO2 emissions was reduced dramatically during the pandemic.
As much as there are advantages, there are always disadvantages. Remote workers are more prone to be workaholics, especially when they need to meet deadlines. There is a tendency to be overloaded with work because, in most instances, the employer is unable to see the employees, and may assume that they are taking it easy. Certain workers have reported difficulties in switching from work to leisure activities or finding a proper time for their meals. These areas could be worked around by getting co-workers involved. Hence it is more advisable to keep a strict record of work that is performed.
Human interaction is limited when working from remote locations. Hence the character of remote workers changes completely and could transform an extrovert into an introvert. If remote workers are living alone and working within their homes, loneliness could spiral down to mental and health issues. These factors could be easily avoided by working with a co-worker for a couple of days a week, having regular meetings with colleagues, or going out with friends.
Remote professionals need to be highly disciplined. They can face several distractions and challenges which might not be the case if they were located in an office. When you are working from home and you are your boss, there can be occasions when non-work-related issues could interfere with your work and concentration. This would arise in a situation where you have to care for a child or an elderly parent, and this could cause distractions that would be avoided at the workplace. If this happens it is advisable to go to a co-worker’s place especially in the case of projects that have deadlines on them. There may be a to-do list for a day, but all in all, that time must be managed productively. A well collaborated discussion will help these challenges.
When working from a remote environment it is highly reliant on writing and communication with clients. Project tools could be used in this scenario to make the work easier and livelier. The current trend is that remote work is expected to move into the society we live in. It is more of a hybrid between the office and remote-based companies. The more work companies get, they will start experimenting with remote work. This is a hybrid environment, so instead of switching completely to a remote environment, they will be doing it for a few days a week initially and then moving forward progressively. They will also ensure that they track the progression of a remote worker through isolation or communication challenges. Their potential concern will be productivity. If their profits start deteriorating, they will have to think of going back to the office environment. Remote focus is placed on tools, services, and resources. Virtual workplace tools are focused on facilitating collaboration and communication.
As an organization works online and improves, there will be protocols that have to be followed. Better protection focus on a remote working organization is expected since there must be policies, DR sites, and an assurance that the risk is mitigated. There will be remote working professionals, especially in Travels. There will be faster more reliable internet connections. There will be handbooks and references that they could follow. These are already visible trends that are in the process of developing.
As generations advance, there are more employees expected in the market. This is loosely defined as a generation bond between 1990 and early 2000s. They are already equipped with the digital skills that are required for remote workers. For many of them, remote will be the default work setting that will facilitate further remote work, made popular among the younger generation.
It is more difficult with remote-based teams because there is no connectivity, no feelings valued or putting people on a pedestal. It is one on one communication only, without any physical interaction. It potentially leads to less cohesive groups. This is a common problem that an employer would face as they give in to more remote working. Beyond the implementation of video chatting, reviewing workflows, communication protocols, and collaborative frameworks they are all integrated into the remote field. It is also used as a hybrid to promote a work environment. They do incentivize fluid communication and better engagement and do not isolate workers in any way.
Parity in pay
Pay is a very sensitive subject of discussion. A symbolic day dedicated to raising awareness in improving gender pay gaps between men and women has been called upon. Hence even if they are working from a remote location, there is equal pay which is expected, especially as these individuals would expect career development. In countries like the USA, there is always a parity of salary between males and females. Many researchers have shown that people who work in offices earn more than those who work remotely. There is also a gender gap where male remote workers earn more than female remote workers. The root of this parity of salary between genders probably stems from the fact that in ancient times a woman’s place was supposed to be at home, cooking, cleaning, and raising children.
There is yet a parity that seems to prefer men working from home to women working from home. It is now apparent that women can balance more than the several chores they perform at home, like cooking, cleaning the house, raising children, looking after their homework, driving them to school, or classes, and attending to their careers although most men would be reluctant to applaud this. Working remotely enables women to work at more jobs than one. Yet some specialized women earn as much or more than men do when working from home.
Women who work remotely full time are likely to earn more than female managers who never work remotely. Men have been given a better chance at career growth than the contribution of women. There seems to be a perception that women will pay more attention to their families than to their work when working from home, unlike men who have only to focus on the work that he does, although a new emerging trend is that more and more men are getting involved with housework and looking after their children.
The statistical analysis of a hybrid working team that works remotely is highly admirable. In the USA itself remote workers work full time 66% more frequently than the global average. 24% or the USA workers work remotely at least once a month, 48% of remote workers at least once a week, 30% of remotely work full time. This is on remote work telecommunication statistics as of 2019 which gives an amazing description that there is 18% or executives working remotely than others who are working onsite. There are also industries where most workers work remotely, usually in Technology, Education, but then there is Healthcare manufacturing which requires employees to work on-site. Departments are the greatest remote work participation which includes facilities, operation, IT which is about 18%. Customer support service success is about 14%, sales are about 13%, and administration is about 11%. Remote workers’ salaries are higher than 100,000 per year. Remote workers say that they are happy with the job. 29% more than onsite workers. 75% of the remote workers say that they are happy in their jobs and only 55% of onsite workers say that they are happy in their job. 35% of the USA workers would have received a pay cut of 5% after working remotely. 42% of the remote workers plan to work remotely more frequently in the next 5 years. 55% of the remote workers are likely to look into another job if they are not allowed to work remotely. 68% of the remote workers are concerned about working remotely who are not willing to impact their career progression and are looking for career progression along with promotions. The top reasons for remote workers chose to work remotely were for better work-life balance which was 95%. For increasing productivity, less focus is 79% less stress is 78% avoiding commuting is 78%. Remote workers say that they work 40 hours more per week 43% more than onsite workers do. However onsite workers are also working long weeks because it is required of them while more remote workers are doing this because they enjoy doing so.
During COVID lockdown, a global pandemic took place, and many were expected to work remotely. Companies around the world were forced to work from home, the biggest work shift ever and most of them faced the same problems. They found the same positivity as discussed above even through covid19 but looking at making it a success. Working remotely there needs to be the presence of a collaboration platform that matters when keeping companying hours. Many feel pressured to let others know what they are doing, whether it is correct, whether they have completed a task, or are meeting deadlines. They also need to get their supervisor’s approval, so they needed to have continuous interaction, and this has to be understood by the seniors of the organization they are working for.
Always the best placement for interaction is with co-workers as much as it is with their immediate supervisors, so they can use hangout, google, WhatsApp to facilitate such a collaboration. You can hold conference calls, share files, and there are so many tools available with the development of technology. These tools can be easily used to connect with someone. You can even see them online. It is not only their voices that you could hear, but their reactions were visible over the phone, and this communication is being improved. They can also record messages for further references or any other instructions that needed to be followed. Many would miss the camaraderie of working alongside others. There will be a co-worker’s space emerging. That is only available in a conventional office. It will not be the same for many, especially if it is a large company and you meet a large number of people.
Working remotely is all about flexibility. The remote worker often describes their routine as working in sprints. It is important to minimize distractions. Make sure you do not get sidetracked with home duties like social media, Netflix, and watching videos during the time you would spend at work. Take a short breather every 2 hours as this will help you to be more productive to an extent it even allows you a 15-minute quick nap will help you to resume your work in a fresh state.
Their flexibility is available for people to perform their work wearing comfortable attire like T-shirts and sweatpants. Generally, it is recommended that even if you are working remotely, you get dressed in a substantial amount of clothing that moves you away from the bedding scenario to one that is more work-based. Similarly, there should be a dedicated workspace although it could even be a desk in the corner of a room or even a coffee table. In the event the employers want to host an annual gathering, the remote team members could gather together for a weekend of fellowship. Other challenges that one would encounter within such a workplace would be the complication of taxes, files with multiple statements of records, and expenses for the deduction. The reality would make it somewhat beholden to technology which may not go over very well in the case of tech-savvy employees. It may also be difficult to ensure stable internet connections in rural areas.
Perhaps the most common misconception about remote working is that most of the time would be spent browsing through social media without having employees looking over their shoulders. Remote work would be most suitable for areas like data entry and X type of jobs. In the case of a mother working remotely, there would be times when she would need to employ childcare depending on the level of focus needed for the type of work she has to handle. There is a fear that professional development they possess may not be recognized if it is mentioned in their resume that they work from home. This is gradually being overcome as working from remote locations is now becoming more and more popular.
There are many places where remote work could be found, and in the USA alone, there are telemarketers who make this type of service available in addition to writing blogs, and it is on the upward trend.
All in all, the remote worker needs to meet targets and in doing so, ensure an increase in the profitability of the organization. Although there is flexibility, there are also results that could be seen in ROI and ROE in an organization. This, in turn, will benefit the employee in the long run and this will help enhance his position even though he is working remotely.
The main takeaway from that is that remote work is growing every year, and will continue to grow in the future as our technology improves.